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DOI:
矿床地质:1999,Vol.>>Issue(3):285-290

硫化物氧化过程中金的富集实验研究
中国科学院广州地球化学研究所
An experimental study of gold enrichment during sulfide oxidation
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中文摘要:室温条件下将海绵金用王水溶解形成金氯酸溶液,再用纯净的不含金黄铁矿吸附溶液中俄金,烘干后用过氧化氢溶液将其分解,发现溶液中出现粒状、片状及壳皮状金。对溶液中金和铁的含量测定结果表明,随着黄铁矿的分解溶液中铁含量增加,金含量也随之增加,但当溶液中出现小金粒或金片后.溶液中的金含量急剧下降,并保持相对稳定。
Abstract:As a kind of gold deposits, "gossan" gold deposits are formed through surface oxidation of primary ore deposits. The experimental study on the decomposition reaction of gold-bearing pyrite at the normal temperature and pressure was carried out, and the results revealed the relation between the decomposition of gold-bearing pyrite and the activation of gold in this process. The formation of limonite and the mechanism of gold activation, migration and enrichment have been discussed in this paper. The experiment was conducted at normal temperature and pressure. First, gold-bearing pyrite was prepared in order that the gold content of pyrite was high enough for the experiment. Gold was dissolved by aqua regia at normal temperature and pressure to form HAuCl, solution. When pyrite was put into the solution, HAuCl, would be absorbed. After filtering and stoving, the gold-bearing pyrite was obtained. Second, the gold-bearing pyrite was decomposed by hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide was put into the solution with gold-bearing pyrite every day, and the gold-bearing pyrite was decomposed slowly. A few days later, some grained, schistose and pyrite-shaped nuggets were formed in the solution. At the same time, Fe2(SO4)3 decomposed from pyrite was converted into Fe(OH) 3 and then hyposiderite was formed. Therefore, this experiment simulated the forming process of the "gossan" gold deposits in the nature. The determination of the Fe and Au content in the solution shows that the Fe and Au content increases with the decomposition of the gold-bearing pyrite. The gold concentration decreases drastically when the nuggets grow and then keep stable.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(49003047)
引用文本:
张海祥,王玉荣,阚小风.1999.硫化物氧化过程中金的富集实验研究[J].矿床地质,18(3):285~290
.1999.An experimental study of gold enrichment during sulfide oxidation[J].Mineral Deposits18(3):285~290
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