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DOI:
:2001,Vol.>>Issue(4):367-377

论我国微细浸染型金矿床与沉积盆地演化的关系——以右江盆地为例
中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所
Relationship Betvveen Sediments-hosted Micro-disseminated Gold Deposits and Basin Evolution: Case Study in Youjiang Basin, South China
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中文摘要:对华南右江盆地中某些微细浸染型金矿床开展了系统的地质学、组构学以及矿床地球化学研究。地质学和组构学研究表明,这类矿床具有大量的沉积阶段成岩阶段的成因特征,在沉积物沉积成岩期间就已经成矿。矿化与碳酸盐岩孤台的密切联系和丰富的成岩期软变形组构,表明成矿与控制海底地形的同沉积期断裂活动密切相关。而大量泄水构造和液化层理的出现则表明,在沉积物成岩阶段,沉积柱中曾有大量流体的活动,而且这种盆地流体的活动与成矿有密切关系。丰富的生物.有机成因组构则显示,成矿与沉积有机质的演化有着密切的内在联系。另外,矿床没有显示出与岩浆活动的任何关系。因此,右江盆地的微细浸染型金矿床与美国的卡林型金矿床不同,可能是离散大陆边缘张性盆地演化过程中盆地流体活动的产物之一。这一认识也得到地球化学研究不同程度的支持。
Abstract:In the Youjiang basin, South China, numerous sediments-hosted micro-disseminated gold (SMG) deposits occur mainly in Permian-Triassic chert and siliciclastic rocks. Systematic geological, fabric and geochemical researches were carried out. The Youjiang basin is a Devonian-Triassic rift basin on the southern margin of the Yangtze Craton in South China. Strong syndepositional faulting defined the basin-and- range style paleo-topography that further developed into isolated carbonate platforms surrounded by siliciclastio-filled depressions. SMG ores are often auriferous sedimentary rocks with relatively low sulfide contents and moderate to weak alteration. Most of the SMG deposits are remarkably distributed around the carbonate platforms. Accordingly, there are platform- proximal and platform-distal SMG deposits. In the ores and host rocks there are abundant synsedimentary-syndiagenetic fabrics such as lamination, convolute bedding, slump texture, and soft-sediment deformation, indicating submarine hydrothermal deposition and syndepositional faulting. Numerous fluidescape and liquefaction fabrics imply strong fluid migration during the evolution of sedimentary basin. Magmatic intrusive rocks are rarely found in Youjiang region. Such large-scale geological and fabric evidence implies that SMG ores were formed during basin evolution, probably in connection with basinal fluids. The isolated carbonate platform ( as abasin paleo-high) and related syndepositional fault system, together with the unconformity- related facies succession, may have controlled the migration pathway of ore-forming basinal fluids and subsequently determined the location of SMG deposits in the Youjiang basin. SMG mineralization in the Youjiang basin may represent an integral aspect of the dynamic evolution of extensional basins along divergent continental margins. Geochemical study supports this model to various degrees.
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基金项目:科技部攀登预选项目(95-预-39)和基础研究重大项目(Gl 999043210)
引用文本:
刘建明,叶 杰,刘家军,顾雪祥.2001.论我国微细浸染型金矿床与沉积盆地演化的关系——以右江盆地为例[J].矿床地质,20(4):367~377
.2001.Relationship Betvveen Sediments-hosted Micro-disseminated Gold Deposits and Basin Evolution: Case Study in Youjiang Basin, South China[J].Mineral Deposits20(4):367~377
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