矿床地质:2024,Vol.>>Issue(2):265-288

西昆仑大红柳滩地区花岗岩类侵位时代与成因
中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 新疆矿产资源研究中心, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 新疆矿产资源研究中心, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;新疆大学中亚造山带大陆动力学与成矿预测实验室, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830049;中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 新疆矿产资源研究中心, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;干旱区生态安全与可持续发展重点实验室, 荒漠与绿洲生态国家重点实验室, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;新疆矿产资源与数字地质实验室, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;科廷大学, 澳大利亚 珀斯市6102;核工业北京地质研究院, 北京 100029
Age and petrogenesis of granitoids in Dahongliutan area, West Kunlun
TUO MingJie,XIA YongQi,LI Nuo,JiaNaTiGuLi·WUSIMAN,YU Jie,QI DongMei,LI Ting,TAI ZongYao
(Xinjiang Research Center for Mineral Resources, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;Xinjiang Research Center for Mineral Resources, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;Laboratory of Continental Dynamics and Metallogenic Prediction of Central Asian Orogenic Belt, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830049, Xinjiang, China;Xinjiang Research Center for Mineral Resources, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;Key Laboratory of Ecological Security and Sustainable Development of Arid Areas, State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;Xinjiang Laboratory of Mineral Resources and Digital Geology, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia;Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology, Beijing 100029, China)
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投稿时间:2023-09-21   修订日期:2024-01-26      网络发布日期:2024-04-25
中文摘要:西昆仑大红柳滩地区花岗岩类分布广泛,与伟晶岩型锂(铍)矿化时空关系密切。为了约束其地质特征、岩石成因以及对伟晶岩型锂(铍)成矿的作用,文章对白龙山闪长岩、俘虏沟闪长岩和大红柳滩二云母花岗岩进行了岩石学、矿物学、地球化学和年代学研究工作。地球化学数据揭示白龙山闪长岩和俘虏沟闪长岩明显富MgO、CaO和TiO2,属于准铝质-弱过铝质、高钾钙碱性岩浆系列,结合已有全岩Sr-Nd、锆石Lu-Hf等同位素数据,白龙山闪长岩和俘虏沟闪长岩涉及新生地壳的贡献,其源区贫黏土,可能以砂屑岩为主。全岩锆饱和温度计约束岩浆温度分别为762~795℃(平均781℃)和769~773℃(平均771℃)。角闪石温压计约束白龙山闪长岩中角闪石结晶温度为718~760℃(平均734℃),压力介于125~208 MPa之间(平均151 MPa);俘虏沟闪长岩中的角闪石结晶温度为729~776℃(平均741℃),压力介于133~231 MPa之间(平均176 MPa)。白龙山闪长岩和俘虏沟闪长岩锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年龄分别为(213.67±0.61) Ma (MSWD=1.4,n=39)和(211.73±1.02) Ma (MSWD=1.9,n=14)。大红柳滩二云母花岗岩中发育电气石、白云母和石榴子石等富铝矿物,明显富SiO2和K2O,贫MgO、CaO和TiO2,属于过铝质、高钾钙碱性岩浆系列,由壳源物质重熔而成,源区可能是泥质岩。全岩锆饱和温度计约束其温度为755~773℃(平均764℃)。所含锆石往往发育继承核,其年龄介于207~2490 Ma之间。最年轻的岩浆锆石约束岩浆侵位可能发生在(211.20±1.1) Ma (MSWD=0.34,n=10),这些岩浆锆石随后被热液增生边包裹,U-Pb年龄约束岩浆-热液事件发生在(185.10±0.89) Ma (MSWD=4,n=5),可能记录了后期伟晶岩侵位所诱发的热液活动。大红柳滩地区同时发育I型和S型花岗岩,形成于中温(734~781℃)、中压(151~176 MPa)的条件,岩浆-热液活动持续时间长达~33 Ma,为形成超大型规模矿床提供有利条件。
Abstract:In the West Kunlun orogenic belt, there are well developed Triassic granitoids that may be associated with pegmatite Li(Be) mineralization. In order to constrain its geological characteristics, petrogenesis, and their impact on pegmatitic lithium (beryllium) mineralization. In this paper, petrology, mineralogy, geochemistry and geochronology studies were carried out for the Bailongshan diorite, Fulugou diorite and Dahongliutan two-mica granite from the Dahongliutan district. Geochemical analyses reveal that the Bailongshan diorite and Fulugou diorite are significantly rich in MgO, CaO and TiO2, and belong to metaluminous-peraluminous, high-K calc-alkaline series. Based on a comprehensive review of available whole-rock Sr-Nd and zircon Lu-Hf data, we propose that the Bailongshan diorite and Fulugou diorite have a source region characterized by low clay content (possibly dominated by sandstone) and potential contributions from juvenile crust. The whole rock Zr saturation temperatures are 762~795℃ (averaged at 781℃) for the Bailongshan and 769~773℃ (averaged at 771℃) for the Fulugou diorites. Amphibole thermobarometry yields temperatures of 718~760℃ (averaged at 734℃) and pressure of 125~208 MPa (averaged at 151 MPa) for the Bailongshan diorite, and 729~776℃ (averaged at 741℃) and 133~231 MPa (averaged at 176 MPa) for the Fulugou diorite. Zircon LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating reveals an emplacement age of (213.67±0.61) Ma (MSWD=1.4, n=39) for the Bailongshan diorite and (211.73±1.02) Ma (MSWD=1.9, n=14) for the Fulugou diorite. In case of the Dahongliutan two-mica granite, there are abundant aluminum-rich minerals such as tourmaline, muscovite and garnet. The two-mica granite has higher SiO2and K2O, but lower MgO, CaO and TiO2 in comparison to the Bailongshan and Fulugou diorites, and belongs to peraluminous, high K calc-alkaline series. By contrast, the Dahongliutan two-mica granite is mainly sourced from partial melting of pelitic rocks. Its Zr saturation temperature falls into the range of 755~773℃ (averaged at 764℃). The zircons hosted by two-mica granite commonly have inherited nuclei, and their U-Pb ages are extremely variable, ranging from 207 Ma to 2490 Ma. The youngest magmatic zircon constrains the emplacement at (211.20±1.1) Ma (MSWD=0.34, n=10). Subsequently, these magmatic zircons were enveloped by hydrothermal overgrowth rims, and the U-Pb age constrains the magmatic-hydrothermal event to have occurred at (185.10±0.89) Ma (MSWD=4, n=5), possibly recording a later hydrothermal event induced by the emplacement of barren pegmatite. The Dahongliutan area concurrently developed I-type and S-type granites, formed under conditions of medium temperature (734~781℃) and pressure (151~176 MPa), with magma-hydrothermal activity lasting~33 Ma, providing favorable conditions for the formation of super large pegmatite deposits.
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基金项目:本文得到国家自然科学基金项目(编号:42122014)、新疆维吾尔自治区重大科技专项(编号:2021A03001-2)和第三次新疆科学考察(编号:2022xjkk1301)联合资助
引用文本:
庹明洁,夏永旗,李诺,加娜提古丽·吾斯曼,于杰,祁冬梅,李婷,邰宗尧.2024.西昆仑大红柳滩地区花岗岩类侵位时代与成因[J].矿床地质,43(2):265~288
TUO MingJie,XIA YongQi,LI Nuo,JiaNaTiGuLi·WUSIMAN,YU Jie,QI DongMei,LI Ting,TAI ZongYao.2024.Age and petrogenesis of granitoids in Dahongliutan area, West Kunlun[J].Mineral Deposits43(2):265~288
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