矿床地质:2024,Vol.>>Issue(2):359-372

西秦岭夏河-合作地区断裂构造分形结构特征及成矿预测
昆明理工大学, 云南 昆明 650093;甘肃省地质矿产勘查开发局第三地质矿产勘查院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
Fractal structural characteristics of fault structures and metallogenic prediction in Xiahe-Hezuo region of West Qinling Mountains
ZHANG Yuan,WANG HongYan,LI Yu,YANG Jian,HU Yang,LI YongHeng,LI CaiXia,REN Tao
(Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, Yunnan, China;The Third Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration, Gansu Provincial Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China)
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投稿时间:2023-07-04   修订日期:2024-01-21      网络发布日期:2024-04-25
中文摘要:西秦岭夏河-合作地区是中国重要的金矿及多金属矿床开发地带,区内断裂构造复杂,构造控矿作用显著。文章利用分形理论方法对夏河-合作地区不同方向断裂构造作定量分析,统计计算断裂构造容量维和信息维,结合矿床空间分布分形特征和矿床Fry分析,探讨研究区构造分形特征及断裂与矿床的空间展布关系。研究结果表明,研究区全部断裂容量维1.2374,北东向断裂容量维0.8229,北西向断裂容量维1.2296,近东西向断裂容量维1.0312,全部断裂容量和北西向断裂容量维处于断裂分形临界值(1.22~1.38)区域,显示研究区断裂构造连通性较好。研究区全部断裂信息维1.1118,北东向断裂信息维1.018,北西向断裂信息维1.2296,近东西向断裂信息维1.0217,北西向断裂信息维处于断裂分形临界值区域,反映北西向对矿床的控制最强。断裂构造分形维数可以表征矿床的沉积部位,以容量维、信息维等值线图以及Fry图划分出3个有利成矿区。
Abstract:The Xiahe-Hezuo area in the West Qinling Mountains is an important mining area for gold and polymetallic deposits in China, with complex fault structures and significant structural ore control. In this paper, the fractal theory method is used to quantitatively analyze the fracture structure in different directions in the Xiahe-Hezuo area, statistically calculate the fracture structure capacity and information dimension, combining with the fractal characteristics of the spatial distribution of the deposit and the Fry analysis of the deposit, the fractal characteristics of the structure of the study area and the spatial distribution relationship between the fracture and the deposit are discussed. The results show that the total fracture capacity dimension of the study area is 1.2374, the north-east fracture capacity dimension is 0.8229, the north-west fracture capacity dimension is 1.2296, and the near-east-west fracture capacity dimension is 1.0312, and the total fracture capacity and the north-west fracture capacity dimension are in the fracture fractal critical value (1.22~1.38) region, indicating that the fracture tectonic connectivity of the study area is good. The information dimension of all faults in the study area is 1.1118, the information dimension of the north-east fault is 1.018, the information dimension of the north-west fault is 1.2296, the information dimension of the near-east-west fault is 1.0217, and the information dimension of the north-west fault is in the fracture fractal critical value area, reflecting the strongest control of the deposit in the north-west direction. Fracture structure fractal dimension can be used to characterize the sedimentary site of the ore, and three favorable mineralization areas are identified by capacity dimension, information dimension contour map and Fry diagram.
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基金项目:本文得到国家自然科学基金项目(编号:42072094、42162012)和校企合作项目(编号:2023FW62)联合资助
引用文本:
张元,王红岩,李育,杨剑,胡杨,李永恒,李彩霞,任涛.2024.西秦岭夏河-合作地区断裂构造分形结构特征及成矿预测[J].矿床地质,43(2):359~372
ZHANG Yuan,WANG HongYan,LI Yu,YANG Jian,HU Yang,LI YongHeng,LI CaiXia,REN Tao.2024.Fractal structural characteristics of fault structures and metallogenic prediction in Xiahe-Hezuo region of West Qinling Mountains[J].Mineral Deposits43(2):359~372
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