矿床地质:2020,Vol.>>Issue(6):1141-1156

西藏新嘎果铅锌矿床矽卡岩矿物及金属矿物特征
成都理工大学, 四川 成都 610059;中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 自然资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室, 北京 100037;西南交通大学, 四川 成都 611756;中国地质大学地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083
Skarn mineral and metallic mineral characteristics of Xin' gaguo lead-zinc deposit, Tibet
WU ChunNeng,TANG JuXing,TANG Pan,LIN Bin,YANG Yang,ZHANG ZeBin,SUN Miao,QI Jing,LI YiXuan
(Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China;MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing 100037, China;Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, Sichuan, China;School of Earth Science and Resource, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China)
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投稿时间:2020-05-25   修订日期:2020-11-01      网络发布日期:2021-01-08
中文摘要:新嘎果矿床是西藏冈底斯成矿带北缘矽卡岩多金属成矿带的一个典型矽卡岩型铅锌矿床。矽卡岩矿体主要呈层状、似层状产于下白垩统塔克那组地层中。电子探针测试结果表明,矽卡岩矿物主要为钙铝榴石、钙铁辉石和绿帘石,少量的硅灰石、密绿泥石等,构成典型的钙质矽卡岩。金属矿物主要为闪锌矿、方铅矿、磁黄铁矿、黄铜矿、黄铁矿,少量的白铁矿、毒砂、自然铋、斜方辉铅铋矿、辉砷镍矿等。该矿床中石榴子石成分特征指示成矿环境是变化的,在早期进变质阶段由氧化环境向还原环境转变,而晚期退变质阶段由氧化环境向还原环境转变。金属矿物中闪锌矿主要为铁闪锌矿,表明其形成于中高温环境。而含铋的矿物主要为自然铋、斜方辉铅铋矿和方铅矿,并且在这些矿物中Ag和Bi的含量呈正相关性,指示铋对银的富集可能起着重要的作用;此外,铋也是新嘎果矿床重要的伴生有用元素,具有较高的综合利用价值。
Abstract:The Xin'gaguo deposit is a typical skarn-type lead-zinc deposit along the skarn polymetallic metallogenic belt in the north of the Gangdise metallogenic belt in Tibet. The skarn orebody has a bedded or bedded-like structure and was formed in the Takna Formation of Lower Cretaceous. The results of the electron microprobe analysis show that the skarn is a typical calcareous skarn mainly consisting of grossularite, hedenbergite and epidote as well as a small amount of wollastonite and pycnochlorite. The metal minerals mainly consist of sphalerite, galena, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite and pyrite as well as a small amount of marcasite, arsenopyrite, native bismuth, cosalite, and gersdorffite. The metallogenic environment changed according to the composition characteristics of the garnet in this deposit, with an early prograde metamorphic stage characterized by transforming from oxidation environment to reducing environment and a later retrograde metamorphic stage characterized by transforming from oxidation environment to reducing environment. The sphalerite in the metal minerals mainly consists of christophite, which indicates that it was formed in the environment with medium and high temperature. However, the bismuth-bearing minerals mainly consist of native bismuth, bjelkite and galena, and the values of Ag and Bi contained in these minerals are positively correlated, indicating that bismuth may have played an important role in the enrichment of silver;in addition, bismuth has a high comprehensive utilization value and is also an important associated useful element.
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基金项目:本文得到国家重点研发计划-深地专项(编号:2018YFC0604101)、中国地质科学院基本科研业务费专项经费项目(编号:SYSCR2019-02)、西藏自治区科技计划项目(编号:XZ201901-GB-24)和国家自然科学基金项目(编号:41902097)联合资助
引用文本:
吴纯能,唐菊兴,唐攀,林彬,杨阳,张泽斌,孙渺,祁婧,李怡萱.2020.西藏新嘎果铅锌矿床矽卡岩矿物及金属矿物特征[J].矿床地质,39(6):1141~1156
WU ChunNeng,TANG JuXing,TANG Pan,LIN Bin,YANG Yang,ZHANG ZeBin,SUN Miao,QI Jing,LI YiXuan.2020.Skarn mineral and metallic mineral characteristics of Xin' gaguo lead-zinc deposit, Tibet[J].Mineral Deposits39(6):1141~1156
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